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  1. #1
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    Thumbs up formula to calculate static pressure in ducts


    hi friends,
    can anyone tell me whats the key role of static pressure in ducts how its calculated using formula what will happen if it increase or decrease how to suggest this duct size should have this much static pressure



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    Thumbs up Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    Duct work pressure is combination of static and velocity pressure.
    Velocity pressure Pv is produced by speed of air movement
    Static pressure s.w.g which maintains flow against restistance.
    Total pressure is the sum of the veloicty pressure and the static pressure.

    Example
    If for a given duct size the if air flow is reduced then velocity pressure will also fall as the air speed will decrease, assuming that all other factors/ parameters dont change.

    To measure static presure you need Pitot-static tube connected to a suitable guage which will give you a reading of static pressure and total pressure and you will see from above that if you subtract the static pressure from the total pressure you will then know the velocity pressure.

    Dont know if this helps.

    Try and think of it like this. If you have a hose pipe connected to a water supply with the end sealed off then as no water is flowing there can be no velocity pressure an no flow is taking place, but if you drilled a hole in the side of the tube water would come out (static pressure) then as flow starts velocity pressure increases with speed of flow, lots of other factors influence the flow of air, system resistance, condition of components in the system etc.

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    To measure static presure you need Pitot-static tube connected to a suitable guage which will give you a reading of static pressure and total pressure and you will see from above that if you subtract the static pressure from the total pressure you will then know the velocity pressure.
    this is the information i got from your reply thanks for it but what i need is how you will say there should be 200pa,100pa static pressure for the ducts how to calculate this pls i need in depth

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    to calculate dynamic pressure there is a formula iam asking for static pressure

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    Your static pressure will be a function of the compressor / Fan that produces it.

    You can measure your static using a pitot tube and
    Reality is an elusion created by alcohol deficiency. Quaff and enjoy. [Yorkshire, UK]

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    There's again not such a formula tot calculate static pressure for ducts.
    You must look to the whole circuit and every reduction, bend, turn, airturn will increase your resistance and increase pressure. even increasing speed will increase static pressure.
    Your ducts must withstand the static pressure which is inside the ducts.
    http://www.mece.ualberta.ca/courses/...08B.pdf#search
    It's better to keep your mouth shut and give the impression that you're stupid than to open it and remove all doubt.

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    thanks for the pdf file peter it is difficult for me to understand due to units conversions anyway ill hope it will be useful for me

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    can you pls provide me the tables peter

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    Quote Originally Posted by balaji View Post
    hi friends,
    can anyone tell me whats the key role of static pressure in ducts how its calculated using formula what will happen if it increase or decrease how to suggest this duct size should have this much static pressure

    Static pressure is the measure of the potential energy of a unit of air in the particular cross section of a duct. Air pressure on the duct wall is considered static. Imagine a fan blowing into a completely closed duct; it will create only static pressure because there is no air flow through the duct. A balloon blown up with air is a similar case in which there is only static pressure. If you increase the static pressure in a duct such as with a reducer, the staic pressure will decrease and the velocity pressure will increase.

    Total Pressure

    Consists of the pressure the air exerts in the direction of flow (Velocity Pressure) plus the pressure air exerts perpendicular to the plenum or container through which the air moves. (static pressure) In other words:

    PT = PV + PS

    PT = Total Pressure

    PV = Velocity Pressure

    PS = Static Pressure

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    Thumbs up Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    Please, how to calculate duct size is it have any formula or graph?
    Last edited by Josip; 21-04-2011 at 12:08 AM.

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    Duct design in Carrier system design or to start with reccommend the book Principles of Air conditioning by P.N.Ananthanarayanan publisher Tata Mcgraw Hill.Once you understand the basics you can use many of the software to design the ducts.

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    so in plain words:
    the more the use of reductions, bends, turns, airturns the more the resistance - so the more the static pressure.
    Also the use of Pitot-static tube you can have the reading.

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    Balaji

    long time since done but always read pressures not calculated .... (seeing is believing) ... so used magnehelic gauge

    R's chillerman
    If the World did not Suck, We would all fall off !

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    instead of hijacking posts and going off at a tangent now ur keeping the threads alive!!!
    thats why i questioned the first thread ever posted-still waiting a reply but balaji has probably done the airflow calc and bashed the ducting and its probably due for a duct clean!! hope he allowed for access hatches!!!haha
    Quote Originally Posted by chillerman2006 View Post
    Balaji

    long time since done but always read pressures not calculated .... (seeing is believing) ... so used magnehelic gauge

    R's chillerman

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    Someones been putting them magic mush in me tea again I think

    I clicked whats new & this was there .... uh maybe forum's been on the mush tonight aswell !

    R's chillerman
    If the World did not Suck, We would all fall off !

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    Re: formula to calculate static pressure in ducts

    noah has posted on here he wants to design a beer cooler for his ark,they havent invented beer yet but he thinks its a necessity!haha
    posted 200bc!!!!haha

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